Violence to Violation – a Conceptual Movement in Cleveland



Residential Security Map of the Cleveland Metropolitan District and Cuyahoga County
“A Policy Brief prepared on behalf of the Cuyahoga Country PlaceMatters Team” by the Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race & Ethnicity & The City & Regional Planning Program at the Knowlton School of Architecture at Ohio State University.  



Dear reader,


Welcome to Violence to Violation (V2V) and thank you for joining our discourse! Violence to Violation is a conceptual framework for a political movement in Cleveland. This movement aims to shift the discourse around addressing urban issues in Cleveland from one on violence to one on violation. This shift will aid those working on this issue in addressing it at its roots in a holistic manner. The project was brainstormed, planned, and executed by students of Case Western Reserve University as part of an environmental politics class.

To understand the subtleties of this movement, it is important to understand three concepts that are central to our movement:

  1. Urban Violence

This refers to actions humans take to cause harm against one another. The discourse on violence in Cleveland today focuses heavily on gun violence, domestic violence, and police violence. It is important to address this violence; however, only addressing violence will not allow you to eliminate the root cause of the violence.

2. Urban Violation

This is the intentional or negligent, and direct or indirect impairment of one’s capability to flourish as a human being in a dynamic living space. The capability to flourish is based upon ten conditions that must be met to secure a safe, healthy life where one’s intellect is cultivated, one’s relationships with others are maintained, and one has control over one’s environment (see the key for additional details on Martha Nussbaum’s capabilities). It is necessary to use a discourse of violation because it allows you to directly consider the roots of numerous societal issues and to address how agencies could better collaborate to eliminate specific issues in Cleveland.

3. Anthroponomy

This is a governance philosophy rooted in the moral philosophy of Immanuel Kant. It is centered around three key ideas; that there is equality between all people, that every person has the right to self-determination, and that the previous two are fulfilled on a planetary scale. When realized, anthroponomy ensures the just and collaborative self-regulation of humanity. Addressing urban violation in Cleveland would advance the world towards anthroponomy because it would eliminate the obstacles to self-determination and the inequity that occurs when one’s capabilities are violated.

Violence to Violation (V2V) is a means of understanding the connections between violence, violation, & anthroponomy. It also provides suggestions as to how this shift could be accomplished in Cleveland as different agencies work to combat the challenge.

We recommend you open the key page in another tab/window. This page contains important definitions and the bones of our argument. This may make it easier for you understand the nuances of the material as you journey through the site.

  • If you would like to see geographical representations of urban violence in Cleveland, please check out our Maps of Violence page.
  • If you would like to study specific capability violations in Cleveland, as well as potential institutional collaboration to address these violations, please take a look at our Map of Violation page.
  • If you are interested in learning about the roots of our movement and Anthroponomy, please check out the V2V: a Planetary Problem page.
  • If you would like to learn about the political possibility of addressing urban violation through an advancement of Anthroponomy, please check out Re: Political Possibility of Anthroponomy in Cleveland.
  • If you are interested in what you can do to contribute to V2V, please go to our Call to Action page


We hope you enjoy your exploration of V2V!

May you flourish in all your relations,

The V2V team:

Aaron Zilber Mann          Carlos Lewis-Miller

Kirsten Taylor                  Leo Ndiaye

Timothy Mayer

There is no horse, and there is no cart.  Just go.  — Jeremy Bendik-Keymer